Quick facts

Story kiosk location

  • Corner of Bank Street and Second/Third Avenues

Important dates

  • (1928-1956) The Avalon Theatre, now a Home Hardware, screened films for almost 30 years.


  • Yes

What happened here?

  • The Avalon was famous for using the latest image and sound technology, and for its starry night ceiling.

As you stand at the corner, imagine that it is 1920...

…and you are heading with friends to the Avalon Theatre, just one block down Bank Street at Second Avenue.


The Avalon Theatre opened at the corner of Bank Street and Second Avenue on Saturday 17 November 1928. Reportedly the first movie theatre in Ottawa to show “talkies”, the theatre was on the cutting edge of new sound technology. Its opening warranted a three-page spread in The Ottawa Journal, which declared that the “atmospheric effect is astounding”. 


The opening night featured screen, stage, and orchestra performances. “To greet and serve our patrons properly”, Nolan announced, the theatre offered the services of uniformed attendants, young men who had received “physical training, schooling in courtesy, instruction in first aid…” and who 

would refuse gratuities because they were “hosts”.


The Ottawa Journal, Nov. 23, 1929


The theatre building was inspired by Spanish architecture, as is evident from this exterior view. On the inside, the stage was set off with “stately Moorish drapes” and featured a vaulted ceiling painted like the midnight sky, equipped with 150 small light bulbs to recreate a starry night. This night-sky even included projected clouds, using a machine called the Brenkert Master Brenograph. The foyer had wrought-iron frames. “Spanish windows”, and elegant furniture.


The Ottawa Evening Journal, 17 November 1928


The Avalon Theatre was built and owned by P. J. Nolan, and was one of three in his repertoire in Ottawa, which included The Empress and The Columbia. P. J. Nolan later went on to run and succeed as the Mayor of Ottawa in the 1930s. His son, P. Ambrose Nolan, was manager of The Avalon on its opening.


Source: Library and Archives Canada


In April 1931, four workmen employed by The Avalon, The Colombia, and the Rexy appeared in court charged with illegal picketing outside The Avalon. Members of the International Union Operators and Stage Hands’ Union (Local 257), they had been picketing to protest owner P.J. Nolan’s firing of two of them and their replacement by non-union employees from Hamilton. Two women testified that they had been struck by signboards carried by the men and business owners complained about the blocking of the sidewalk. 


P. Ambrose Nolan testified that they carried their signs in a “slovenly manner.” The four men were fined $10.  In our installation the picket line is wonderfully imagined by artist Ross Rheaume.



The Avalon Theatre closed its doors in 1956 (although by this time, it had changed ownership and was now called the Glebe Theatre.) Although nothing much remains of the theatre apart from its stucco exterior, it’s original layout explains the curious juxtaposition of a double-entranced hardware store (occupying the original auditorium) and a Mexican restaurant (occupying the original foyer and ticket office). 


More importantly, The Avalon remains in the memories of many. Here we feature two clips from interviews conducted with former patrons. by researcher Emily Keyes who asked them “What do you remember about The Avalon Theatre?”


Elliot Levitan


Marjorie Gregory




This story was researched and developed by Emily Keyes as part of the project of the Carleton Centre for Public History in association with the Workers’ History Museum. Her work was funded through a Mitacs Development Grant made possible by the generosity of Know History.


The story was revised by Adam Mahoney as a contribution to the Workers’ History Museum’s Capital History Kiosk’s project for Ottawa 2017.